Remembering Samuel Kanyon Doe


By Bai M. Gbala, Sr.

 


The Perspective
Atlanta, Georgia
November 21, 2015

                  



 
 
 
 
Samuel Kanyon Doe
21st President of Liberia

Foreword

“VP Zooms on Road, Agriculture”.
Vice President of Liberia, Excellency Joseph N. Boakai, Sr., former Managing Director of Liberia Produce Marketing Corporation (LPMC), Lofa County Branch, and former Minister of Agriculture, R. L., after a two-hour review conference with the current Minister of Finance & Development Planning, said that “government was (or is) finalizing plans for  major road work across the country (all-weather, safe, efficient & effective transport/communications system, nationwide) and revive the agriculture sector . . . Our biggest challenge is agriculture and roads”. Remembering or reminiscing SKD?

A Coup d’etat
Coups d’etat, military or civilian, is, by law, illegal unless successful. So was the Event of April 12, 1980. Though successful, the event was a national tragedy because it resulted in the loss of many lives and brought pain and sorrow to many-citizen families.

Regarding this Event, we wrote, elsewhere, “Let it be recalled, lest we forget, that these AFL men, all young, average age of twenty-something years, were trained in the rigorous, extremely regimented, military science and culture of ‘obey, obey, obey and duty-before-complaint’. Absent from their training were the required, democratic (political) notions of educated discourse – rational debate, compromise, disagree-to-agree, policy consensus, etc. Because of the absence of . . . socio-political culture and . . . leadership qualities, there were many mistakes, policy contradictions and confusion, given our, Liberian, socio-cultural, economic and political tradition, then prevailing”. However, we believe that the soldiers performed phenomenally well, in the light of the prevailing conditions.

Liberia’s Turbulent Past

The facts of the Nation’s past social, economic and political history were characterized by a painful systematic abuse of human, civil, and political rights; armed hostilities; culture of impunity, violence and public policy confusion and contradictions. For more than a century of the nation’s existence as an independent state, our founding fathers not only arrogated to themselves all political, economic and administrative power, tightly and rigidly centralized here in Monrovia, denied political participation to the indigenous peoples not only on the basis of ethnic/tribal, gender and socio-economic exclusion, but also refused to recognize their compatriots as full-fledged citizens, the overwhelming majority of the nation’s population for some 57 years, after political independence in 1847.

These conditions gave rise to the Event of April 12, 1980 (an accident of history) led by 17, non-commissioned officers of the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) under the command of young, M/Sergeant, Samuel Kanyon Doe.

Although tragic, but the Event was and is consistent with and in response to humankind’s enduring, historic quest for respect and dignity of the human person; for freedom, justice, equality of treatment, national unity and for recognition of the majority of the nation’s population as full-fledged, tax-paying citizens under the rule of law.

Samuel K. Doe was fiercely patriotic, dedicated and committed to the nation and people. Born in a village of parents who were illiterates and subsistence farmers, young “Sammie” saw and experienced the indignity of an unjust, single-party, single-group rule – forced, hard and unpaid labor, taxation without representation and periodic illegal “exactions/collections”, etc., to which his parents, relatives and others of the district were subjected.

Therefore, he became concerned and determined to “learn book” and be “quee” in order to lead and secure a better life for himself and his “people”. He joined the Armed Forces of Liberia, received excellent, military training and rose to the rank of Master Sergeant. Thereafter, he enrolled in and graduated from the Marcus Garvey Night School at the Military Post of the-then Barclay Training Center, Monrovia. He continued private study, even, after he became Head-of-State and later, President of the Nation, and becoming a self-taught, educated man.
Young Samuel Doe was intelligent and learned very fast the critical requirement of local, national and international issues - social, economic and political/diplomatic. He was courageous, firm, but fair and, as a soldier, Samuel Doe “died with his boots on”.

We are convinced that on average, the young soldiers performed extremely well, given the prevailing circumstances in which they found themselves. Here are the facts of our recent, political history preceding the Event:

And, most importantly, the civilian government of President Samuel Kanyon Doe, an intelligent, energetic, idealistic, highly patriotic and dedicated young man, extremely committed to the development of the nation, took some radical actions, examples:

Thus, some of the enduring contribution made by the “low-level, illiterate soldiers” to our country.


Author: Bai M. Gbala, Sr. can be reached at: gbala9@aol.com   

Garsuah Gborvlehn
BAI, is this a propaganda and PRO STUNT for corrupt Joseph Boakai's bid for presidency? If you truly meant to write remembering Samuel Kanyon Doe, you would have written this on May 6, and NOT AFTER HALF OF THE YEAR!

Don't you know a Joseph Boakai's presidency is simply a third term for Ellen and her children? Do not use a person to promote the very prople who destroyed him! Joseph Boakai needs to ens up in jail with his boss corrupt and very wicked Ellen who destroyed Liberia!
Garsuah Gborvlehn at 02:28PM, 2015/11/21.
Mary Nyenkan
Mr. Bai M. Gbala´s article clearly shows he Bai M. Gbala has become a PAID AGENT for the very Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Joseph Boakai´s rotten regime which he Bai Gbala has all along legitimately exposed and criticized in their misrule and loot of state funds.

And what is also very repulsive on the part of Mr. Gbala is that he would choose such stinking strategy of using his former boss Samuel Kanyon Doe to campaign for Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Joseph Boakai who both stole the Liberian people money from the Ministry of Finance and LPMC and the Ministry of Agriculture to purchase arms and wage war on the country while slaughtering hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians, pregnant mothers, and children!
Mary Nyenkan at 03:40AM, 2015/11/22.
MARCUS KARMON
BAI M. GBALA'S PIECE ON DOE IS GREAT BUT CHEAP AND MISLEADING. THE FACT IS SAMUEL DOE, SR. WAS ONE OF THE BEST PRESIDENTS OF LIBERIA OR IN LIBERIA'S HISTORY. HE HAD THE COUNTRY AT HEART MORE THAN THE CRIMINALS THAT CAMPAIGNED AGAINST HIS REGIME AROUND THE WORLD. SAMUEL K.DOE,SR'S NINE YEARS IN OFFICE ARE 100 MILLION TIMES BETTER THAN ELLEN JOHNSON-SIRLEAF'S CRIMINAL REGIME WHICH HAS BEEN IN POWER ALMOST 11 YEARS.

DOE'S MOTHER WAS KRAHN AND HIS FATHER WAS GREBO FROM LOWER GRAND GEDEH WHICH IS NOW RIVER GEE COUNTY. HE REFUSED TO RECOGNIZE HIS FATHER'S BACKGROUND BECAUSE HIS FATHER NEGLECTED HIS MOTHER WHEN SHE WAS PREGNANT WITH HIM IN FIRESTONE.

BAI SHOULD BE ASHAMED THAT HE AND OTHERS LIKE HIM CAUSED THE DESTRUCTION OF A GOOD MAN LIKE DOE. DOE WAS BETRAYED BY THE BEHAVIOR OF HIS MOTHER'S ETHNIC GROUP AND THE USELESS CRIMINAL POLITICIANS LIKE AMOS SAWYER, FAHNBULLEH LED BY THEIR MASTER CRIMINAL FRIEND WHO THEY NOW SERVE SUCCEEDED BECAUSE PEOPLE LIKE BAI GBALA GAVE THEM THE OPPORTUNITY.

HAD GRAY D. ALLISON, FLAH ZAHMATON, PATRICK MANIKON AND OTHERS NOT KILLED BY THE LIES OF FEW KRAHN PEOPLE AROUND DOE, HE WOULD PROBABLY STILL BE ALIVE. GRAY D. WOULD HAVE STOPPED ANY REBEL FROM DAY ONE.

THE KRAHN PEOPLE SOLD DOE. HENRY GLAY LED THAT PLOT. SO INSTEAD OF A KRAHN MAN LIKE BAI GBALA RUNNING AROUND SINGING PRAISES FOR THE SIRLEAF AND HER CROOK LIEUTENANTS, HE NEEDS TO SHUT HIS MOUTH UP.

BOAKAI IS A MATERIAL FOR PRESIDENT. HE HAS NOTHING TO OFFER LIBERIA.
MARCUS KARMON at 04:10PM, 2015/11/22.
Kandajaba Zoebohn Zoedjallah
And that is THE CRUX of the matter - Joseph Boakai IS NOT A PRESIDENTIAL MATERIAL. So, it is not surprising Ellen and her gang are furtively trying every dimension of propaganda to make Joseph Boakai appear as a presidential material when he can never be a presidential material. Realizing Joseph Boakai can not be trusted By the Liberian people after 12 years of being the DEPUTY THIEF IN CHIEF they are attempting to associate him with patriotism and development when a thief knows nothing about such values!
Kandajaba Zoebohn Zoedjallah at 04:03AM, 2015/11/23.
Amos Frank
But what was Bai Gbala thinking when he decided to fool himself thinking he is fooling the Liberian people He comes "talking" all the good things about Doe, but making sure such talks are preceded by an IMAGE-MAKING for a Boakai who had all along been Ellen´s key henchman in destroying the country and stealing from the country! Mr. Gbala, be honest with yourself; you now fully well it would be a stupidity on the part of the Liberian people to ever vote Boakai to the presidency after this man (Joseph N.Bokai) AND ELLEN had become overnight billionaires leaving our people in the worst of sufferings. If Ellen´s son Robert Sirleaf could rake over 2.5 bllion US Dollars, it is obvios Joseph Boakai went evn further than that! THESE PEOPLE ARE HEARTLESS!
Amos Frank at 02:43AM, 2015/11/26.
CK
"Coups d’etat, military or civilian, is, by law, illegal unless successful. So was the Event of April 12, 1980.""Illegal unless successful?"


The coup was a result of greedy politicians (charlatans) taking advantage of misguided youths (including Doe) by making them believe Liberia was much worse than it actually was. The coup was illegal PERIOD. It is for this very reason that they rewrote the Constitution. If they only amended the Constitution to adapt to changing times, as what was required by law and occurs in every other democratic nation, it would not have legitimized the Coup.
CK at 03:57AM, 2015/11/26.
CK

P.S. Most, if not all, of those "contributions" the writer has listed were projects the Tolbert administration already had in the pipeline. So the writer's claims are just another case of stolen legacy.

CK wrote:
"Coups d’etat, military or civilian, is, by law, illegal unless successful. So was the Event of April 12, 1980.""Illegal unless successful?"


The coup was a result of greedy politicians (charlatans) taking advantage of misguided youths (including Doe) by making them believe Liberia was much worse than it actually was. The coup was illegal PERIOD. It is for this very reason that they rewrote the Constitution. If they only amended the Constitution to adapt to changing times, as what was required by law and occurs in every other democratic nation, it would not have legitimized the Coup.

CK at 04:01AM, 2015/11/26.
CK

Constitutional Amendment:
The means by which an alteration to the U.S. Constitution, whether a modification, deletion, or addition, is accomplished.

Source: http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Constitutional+Amendment

A constitutional amendment refers to the modification of the Constitution of a nation or state. In many jurisdictions the text of the constitution itself is altered; in others the text is not changed, but the amendments change its effect. The method of modification is typically written into the Constitution itself.

Most constitutions require that amendments cannot be enacted unless they have passed a special procedure that is more stringent than that required of ordinary legislation. Examples of such special procedures include supermajorities in the legislature, or direct approval by the electorate in a referendum, or even a combination of two or more different special procedures. A referendum to amend the constitution may also be triggered in some jurisdictions by popular initiative.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_amendment
CK at 04:13AM, 2015/11/26.
Garsuah Gborvlehn
CK, according to Article 1 Section 1 of the Liberian Constitution THE COUP WAS LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, AND CONSTITUTIONAL! For the policies and practices of the TWP TYRANNY VIOLATED THE CONSTITUTION AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE- ESPECIALLY THE 98 % INDIGENOUS - THE MAJORITY!
Garsuah Gborvlehn at 06:24AM, 2015/11/26.
CK

1. No it wasn't. The people did not overthrow the Government the military overthrew the Government. Huge difference! Why? The military is part of the Government. It is a very simple concept. A military overthrow of a Constitutional Government is called treason and it is illegal and unconstitutional. If a "legitimate" civilian movement overthrew the Government there would have been no reason to suspend and re write the Constitution.

2. Furthermore if the Coup was legal and legitimate explain why they had to re-write the Constitution to include this:

Article 97

a)

No executive, legislative, judicial or administrative action taken by the People’s Redemption Council or by any persons, whether military or civilian, in the name of that Council pursuant to any of its decrees shall be questioned in any proceedings whatsoever; and, accordingly, it shall not be lawful for any court or other tribunal to make any order or grant any remedy or relief in respect or any such act.

b)

No court or other tribunal shall entertain any action whatsoever instituted against the Government of Liberia, whether before or after the coming into force of this Constitution or against any person or persons who assisted in any manner whatsoever in bringing about the change of Government of Liberia on the 12th day of April, 1980, in respect of any act or commission relating to or consequent upon:

(i)

The overthrow of the government in power in Liberia before the establishment of the government of the People’s Redemption Council;

(ii)

The suspension of the Constitution of Liberia of July 26, 1847;

(iii)

The establishment, functioning and other organs established by the People’s Redemption Council;

(iv)

The imposition of any penalties, including the death penalty, or the confiscation of any property by or under the authority of the People’s Redemption Council under a decree made by the Council in pursuance of but not limited to the measures undertaken by the Council to punish persons guilty of crimes and malpractices to the detriment of the Liberian nation, the people, the economy, or the public interest; and

(v)
The establishment of this Constitution.



3. Based on your logic Doe's overthrow was also legitimate correct?

Proof of the illegitimate, illegal and unconstitutional overthrow of Tolbert's Government is written in stone for all the world and posterity to see!

Garsuah Gborvlehn wrote:
CK, according to Article 1 Section 1 of the Liberian Constitution THE COUP WAS LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, AND CONSTITUTIONAL! For the policies and practices of the TWP TYRANNY VIOLATED THE CONSTITUTION AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE- ESPECIALLY THE 98 % INDIGENOUS - THE MAJORITY!
CK at 07:09AM, 2015/11/26.
CK
Webster's definition of "Treason":

Full Definition of TREASON

1
: the betrayal of a trust : treachery

2
: the offense of attempting by overt acts to overthrow the government of the state to which the offender owes allegiance or to kill or personally injure the sovereign or the sovereign's family

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/treason
CK at 07:23AM, 2015/11/26.
Garsuah Gborvlehn
CK, THE NATION-WIDE SUPPORT OF THE COUP BY THE PEOPLE, AND THEIR OBEDIENCE to the authority of the People's Redemption Council not to talk about the ongoing political agitations and mass protests by the civilians and their leaders who were jailed by the overthrown TWP TYRANNY made clear to the whole world that THE LIBERIAN PEOPLE INTOTO had put into effect that provision of the Liberian Constitution which says it is the right and power of the people TO ALTER any government whenever they believe their safety and happiness are threatened! AND SO IT IS THIS REALITY WHICH MADE THE COUP LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, AND CONSTITUTIONAL! THE PROOF of this constitutionality, legality, and legitimacy, was made convincingly clear by the international community and the United Nations which supported the coup by never intervening
nor condemning but instead REMAINING CALM! HENCE, THE COUP WAS LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, CONSTITUTIONAL, AND CONSISTENT WITH INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS OF STATES AND THE UN CHARTER!!!
Garsuah Gborvlehn at 01:03PM, 2015/11/26.
CK
Lol. So because you want it to be makes it so? The evidence is right there in the 1986 Constitution. Why would they have to legitimize and legalize it in a new Constitution if it was already legitimate to begin with? Only an ignoramus or mentally unstable person would believe anything to the contrary when presented with so much irrefutable proof. There was widespread condemnation of the coup. Even the Pope condemned the Coup, but I guess you believe the religious leader of 17% of the world's population (1980 statistic) was wrong?

I guess your answer to my 3rd question is "yes" the war against Doe was legitimate because the 1990 uprising received far more support from the people than the 1980 coup. That is your logic at work, not mine.

The 1980 coup was engineered to result in Liberia's downfall, and that is EXACTLYwhat happened. Most of the expats in the region were actually amazed by the stupidity because Tolbert was one of the best Presidents we had ever produced and he was on the verge of taking Liberia to the next level politically, socially and economically. Instead a group of mind controlled fools went and killed him. The expats used the term WAWA (West Africa Wins Again) when they heard about the coup in Liberia. For your information this is a derogatory term as an expat once explained "used to sarcastically respond to stories of odd human behavior in Africa, especially behavior perceived as unlikely to happen on other continents." If you truly believe the coup was legal and legitimate, especially in the face of so much solid evidence (the 1986 Constitution of God's sake!) then its no wonder they use the term.

Unfortunate....and I hate to say it but some people will always be stuck on stupid.



Garsuah Gborvlehn wrote:
CK, THE NATION-WIDE SUPPORT OF THE COUP BY THE PEOPLE, AND THEIR OBEDIENCE to the authority of the People's Redemption Council not to talk about the ongoing political agitations and mass protests by the civilians and their leaders who were jailed by the overthrown TWP TYRANNY made clear to the whole world that THE LIBERIAN PEOPLE INTOTO had put into effect that provision of the Liberian Constitution which says it is the right and power of the people TO ALTER any government whenever they believe their safety and happiness are threatened! AND SO IT IS THIS REALITY WHICH MADE THE COUP LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, AND CONSTITUTIONAL! THE PROOF of this constitutionality, legality, and legitimacy, was made convincingly clear by the international community and the United Nations which supported the coup by never intervening
nor condemning but instead REMAINING CALM! HENCE, THE COUP WAS LEGAL, LEGITIMATE, CONSTITUTIONAL, AND CONSISTENT WITH INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS OF STATES AND THE UN CHARTER!!!
CK at 09:45PM, 2015/11/26.
Garsuah Gborvlehn
CK,

READ ARTICLE 1 SECTION 1 OF THE 1847 CONSTITUTION HEREUNDER:

ARTICLE I.

DECLARATION OF RIGHTS.

"The end of the institution, maintenance, and administration of government, is to secure the existence of the body politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it, with the power of enjoying in safety and tranquility, their natural rights, and the blessings of life; and whenever these great objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness."

HAVING READ the final clause begining with the wordings "and whenever these gret objects are not obtained" the subsequent clause "THE PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO ALTER THE GOVERNMENT" evidences the legitimacy, legality and constitutionality of THE COUP!

Secondly, take this learning today that despite the fact such institutions or Instruments of power as THE ARMY, THE LEGISLATURE, THE JUDICIARY, THE POLICE, ETC. ETC. have their respective duties and reponsibilities to carry out, individuals performing such duties are ALL CONSTITUTIVE OF WHAT IS TERMED "THE PEOPLE"!

And whenever they deem it necessary they "have a right to alter the government, and to take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness"!

Acorddingly, my argument is that based on such constitutional provision about the alteration of government, THE PEOPLE´S REDEMPTION COUNCIL overthrow ENJOYING EFFECTIVE CONTROL, NATIONWIDE AND WORLDWIDE SUPPORT was THE PEOPLE exercising THAT RIGHT OF ALTERING A GOVERNMENT!

WHAT is your arguement, if you even have any?

CK, one does not have to insult others whether to put his or her point across or not in the market Place of ideas! Accordingly, let me WARN you By asserting this: YOUR (CK´S)RUDENESS, STUPIDITY, AND DULLNESS, ARE INHERITED FROM YOUR PARENTS.


Garsuah Gborvlehn at 03:55AM, 2015/11/27.
CK

Lol. Now you are quoting the Constitution the very Coup makers said was "flawed" and are using it as evidence. Damn shame. You forgot the fact that the MILITARY notthe people overthrew the Government right? Keep talking in circles and spewing your ignorance. You think you are making sense but you are a complete joke to sound minded, objective people.

Reading comprehension and critical thinking skills MUST be emphasized in Liberian schools lest we keep spewing out jokers like this "GARSUAH GBORVLEHN".


Garsuah Gborvlehn wrote:
CK,

READ ARTICLE 1 SECTION 1 OF THE 1847 CONSTITUTION HEREUNDER:

ARTICLE I.

DECLARATION OF RIGHTS.

"The end of the institution, maintenance, and administration of government, is to secure the existence of the body politic, to protect it, and to furnish the individuals who compose it, with the power of enjoying in safety and tranquility, their natural rights, and the blessings of life; and whenever these great objects are not obtained, the people have a right to alter the government, and to take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness."

HAVING READ the final clause begining with the wordings "and whenever these gret objects are not obtained" the subsequent clause "THE PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO ALTER THE GOVERNMENT" evidences the legitimacy, legality and constitutionality of THE COUP!

Secondly, take this learning today that despite the fact such institutions or Instruments of power as THE ARMY, THE LEGISLATURE, THE JUDICIARY, THE POLICE, ETC. ETC. have their respective duties and reponsibilities to carry out, individuals performing such duties are ALL CONSTITUTIVE OF WHAT IS TERMED "THE PEOPLE"!

And whenever they deem it necessary they "have a right to alter the government, and to take measures necessary for their safety, prosperity and happiness"!

Acorddingly, my argument is that based on such constitutional provision about the alteration of government, THE PEOPLE´S REDEMPTION COUNCIL overthrow ENJOYING EFFECTIVE CONTROL, NATIONWIDE AND WORLDWIDE SUPPORT was THE PEOPLE exercising THAT RIGHT OF ALTERING A GOVERNMENT!

WHAT is your arguement, if you even have any?

CK, one does not have to insult others whether to put his or her point across or not in the market Place of ideas! Accordingly, let me WARN you By asserting this: YOUR (CK´S)RUDENESS, STUPIDITY, AND DULLNESS, ARE INHERITED FROM YOUR PARENTS.



CK at 05:47AM, 2015/11/27.
CK
"Secondly, take this learning today that despite the fact such institutions or Instruments of power as THE ARMY, THE LEGISLATURE, THE JUDICIARY, THE POLICE, ETC. ETC. have their respective duties and reponsibilities to carry out, individuals performing such duties are ALL CONSTITUTIVE OF WHAT IS TERMED "THE PEOPLE"!"

....and the respective duty of the army was commit treason right? LOL.

Damn shame.
CK at 05:56AM, 2015/11/27.
CK
"CK, one does not have to insult others whether to put his or her point across or not in the market Place of ideas! Accordingly, let me WARN you By asserting this: YOUR (CK´S)RUDENESS, STUPIDITY, AND DULLNESS, ARE INHERITED FROM YOUR PARENTS."

NOW you have shown your true colors as a bigot and ethnocentrist. Exactly what I wanted. I never attacked your heritage, ethnicity or cultural affiliation yet you chose to attack that which you ASSUME to be mine. Everyone can now see the real reason you are pro Doe.
CK at 06:01AM, 2015/11/27.
Emmanuel F. Saingbe

"Though successful," writes Honorable Bai M. Gbala, refering to the 1980 Coup that booted out of power the descendants of the ex-slaves, "the Event was a tragedy. . ."

But for whom was the 1980 Coup d'etat a tragedy?

The Coup was certainly not a tragedy for the poor and disenfranchised Liberians of non-slave descent who continued to jubilate several months after it had taken place.

And it was certainly not a tragedy when it eventually created the necessary conditions which allowed all Liberians to vote in elections and their votes be counted as cast.

But the aftermath of the Coup became a tragedy only because opportunists like Hon. Gbala, Dr. Boley, the late Ramsay, Trohoe Kpagahai, Harry Nayue, etc. became ascendant and helped to subvert the coup's original objective of a peaceful and democratic transfer of power to an elected civilian government.

Instead of advising M/Sargeant Doe to relinquish power after the promised five years, the so-called "Krahn Intellectuals," including Hon. Gbala, literally forced Doe to stay on until the real tragedy struck in the form of a fratricidal civil war which claimed the life of M/Sargeant Doe himself and the lives of 300,000 other Liberians.

But have Liberians learned, that "Rat trap is not for rat alone?" - That the promotion of an undemocratic and murderous regime do indeed become counter-productive?

Let Honorable Gbala be grateful to God that the disastrous conflagration he helped to create in Liberia did not consume him. He lived to tell the story; thousands of Liberians did not have that luck.

Therefore, that Honorable Bai M. Gbala stands eternally condemned by God and his fellow citizens of Liberia is all too clear.
Emmanuel F. Saingbe at 11:40AM, 2016/11/29.
William G. Miller

Please me on my research work
William G. Miller at 05:24AM, 2017/06/29.
William G. Miller
I need an assistance.
William G. Miller at 05:25AM, 2017/06/29.
Volusion Custom Development at 03:14AM, 2017/09/12.

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