Abolishing “Constitutional Racism” and Single Citizenship in Liberia

By Ernest S. Maximore


The Perspective
Atlanta, Georgia
January 11, 2016

                  



 
 
 
 

What Value System Being Diluted?
Article 27(b) of the Liberia Constitution read thus: “In order to preserve, foster and maintain the positive Liberian culture, values and character, only persons who are Negroes or of Negro descent shall qualify by birth or by naturalization to be citizens of Liberia.” 

In a layman, plain, simple and strict interpretation, when you are not a Negro or Negro descent, you cannot or will not be able to help and/or preserve, foster and maintain the positive Liberian culture, values and character. Liberian Government is simply saying to hell   to any   other races and the rapid global and mutual cultural transmission and osmosis! They do not have any cultural goodies that worth emulation and enabling   Liberia attaining any of those valuable distinctiveness. Liberia is independent and its sovereignty and cultural values should not be ruined, degenerated and infused by the immoderation and unrestrained lifestyle and other unwarranted foreign manipulations, control and dominance that come with multi-race.

Those could be fear factors Liberian constitutional writers probably had, but are those fears reasonable in this day and age to the extent of constitutionally alienating another race? Where is the moral ground to condemn Hitler, who physically alienated, dehumanized and nearly eliminated the Jews from the surface of the earth? Oh, this comparison is unmatched-probably so, this is constitutional   alienation, but is this not indirectly humiliating the entire white race? Be the judge.

Are there measurable or visible Liberian cultural value, customs, lifestyle, social and economic traditions that are inseparable from the Western lifestyle, particularly the United States of America? All the original founders, presidents and elites of Liberia boast of being from America.

Putting it truly, Liberia is a copycat, “step son”, “grandson” of Uncle Sam, America. Everything from political and apolitical is almost-nearly practically carbon copy from America, although misguidedly implemented.

From Liberia’s Pledge of Allegiance(only the name “Liberia” is different),three-color Liberian flag-red, white and blue, with Stars and Stripes, to holiday celebration, including Christmas, Easter, New Year, and Thanksgiving, are all copycats of the United States of America customs and value system. American fashion, style, design, haircuts, voice and accent mimicking are also inclusive and domineering in Liberia.

One wonders, what else is there in Liberia to “preserve” and uphold from non-Negro? Even what is thought to be a unique Liberian custom “snapshape” handshake originated from the United States of America.  Alan Hufman describes this handshake in his book, “Mississippi in Africa; The Saga of Prospects Hill Plantation and their Legacy in Liberia Today” as a  “combination of every other handshake in the world, with a twist, the traditional grasp, then something like a soul-shake with a finger snap off of the other man’s index finger at the end.”

The Irony of the Already Implicit   Reality
Here are the ironies. In the book, “Liberia-America Footprint in Africa, Making the Cultural, Social and Political Connection,” Jesse Mongrue writes that ten Liberian presidents were born in the [“white men”] country, United States of America, one was born in Barbados, the Caribbean, and another born in Freetown, Sierra Leone, making it the total of 12 Liberian presidents born outside of Liberia. This further exposes the contradiction   of Liberia all “Negro” citizenship status.

More founding Liberian Presidents were born in Caucasians countries. Some Liberian current public officials are citizens of other countries around the world, including “white” countries. To keep their jobs, most of them denied citizenship of other countries, but the reality is they traveled with officials Liberian passports and hide their foreign passports. They feel happy being citizens of other countries around the world, benefiting from the education, healthcare , infrastructure, better system and control  and good lives from those countries, but are racist towards  Caucasians, who contentedly want to be citizens in Liberia.

Some  Caucasians are  born in Liberia, speak local dialects, initiated in traditional Liberian societies, culturally entrenched  in the Liberian ways of life, attended colleges and universities in Liberia, intermarried, established businesses , yet they are not allowed to  be considered Liberians, because  of the color of their skins. They are whites, not Negro or Negro descent that is the only “offense” they commit. Liberia even excludes Indians, Chinese, Malaysians, and Lebanese because accordingly they are not of Negro decent.

As developed and industrialized as the United States and some Western and Asian countries are, they recognize the existence of dual nationality.

Paradoxically, though, while the Liberian Government is excluding other races, the excluded races can lease a land or home for 100 years plus. The same excluded races are the ones controlling more than 95% of the economy, and are principally responsible for bringing the now infamous $16 billion in foreign direct investment. A count of the more than 100 concessions and contracts signed for the $16 billion show more than 99.99% is from the excluded races.

So sad and logically unparalleled, constitutionally intolerable, humanly humiliating, that Liberians who married  white persons could be citizens of their white partners’ countries, when they(Liberians) choose to do so, but the white husband or wife cannot be citizen of Liberia. Any undertaking that could have helped Liberia’s growth thorough the inter-racial marriage apparently ended up at the discouragement table. Who wants to put all his/her resources in a country that inherently opposes white citizenship?

In fact another distressing contrast and embarrassment is when a natural born Liberian married black person, from any part of the world and becomes naturalized citizen of his/her spouse’s country, the black person being married to can become a naturalized citizen of Liberia, but the natural born Liberian will either have to conceal his Liberian passport in his luggage while entering Liberia airport or do the “business as usual. No dual citizenship for natural born Liberians, but dual citizenship for naturalized black persons anywhere from around the world.

Amendment 14, Section 1 of the United States Constitution did not proffer any racist provision. It unequivocally uses “all persons”, as opposed to racist Liberia’s “only Negro or Negro descent” provision:

“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”

For Liberia Constitution, Ghanaians, Nigeria, Ivoirians, Sierra Leoneans, South Africans-the whole of Africa and beyond, they can be naturalized Liberians, if they choose to; as if the excesses of illegal drug trade, money laundering, widespread statutory rapes, aiding and abetting the loots of our resources, fake medications, dubious companies, willful disregard of the law because of connection at the echelon of power and authority, are considered imported cultural values from some of our Africans or Black counterparts from the African Continent or other parts of the world. You be the judge.

Single Citizenship in Liberia: The Paradox
Why Liberian authority delaying passing dual citizenship bills also? Why wasting so much time passing this bill when it is foolproof that countless numbers of current and past Liberian public officials have dual citizenship but are  buried   in conspiracy of silence and secrecy. Are they going to conspire against themselves, and suffer the consequences of not pushing hard to get the bill pass? This is the only sycophancy that is self-destructive .Watch up, if this is a political ploy, it will re-bounce to the very same makers in the future.

Again, Liberia is United States “step child” and traditional buddy. Sorry, no country around the world with such closed tie and “family ship” with Liberia, except the United States, so more examples are from United States. The   United States recognizes dual nationality. In the U.S. Department of State regulation on dual citizenship (7 FAM 1162), the Supreme Court of the United States says that dual citizenship is a "status long recognized in the law" and that "a person may have and exercise rights of nationality in two countries and be subject to the responsibilities of both. The mere fact, he asserts the right of one citizenship does not without more mean that he renounces the other," (Kawakita v. U.S., 343 U.S. 717) (1952).

 In Schneider v. Rusk 377 U.S. 163 (1964), the US Supreme Court ruled also that a naturalized U.S. citizen has the right to return to his native country and to resume his former citizenship, and also to remain a U.S. citizen even if he never returns to the United States.

Further, the United States is encouraging foreigners to come to America and become Green Card holders and eventually citizens. Each year the US grants a million foreigners to enter and work in America through their work visa program (H1-B visas), which has the paved the way for millions of capable and experience foreigners to obtain green cards and citizenship in America. European nations are also doing the same.

This H1-B visa is the largest source of brain drain from the third countries, as the best and brightest in the third world have left their impoverished countries (including Liberia) to take advantage of getting rich in America. Ghana and other progressive nations in Africa saw what America and Europe were doing so they too decided to compete for competent and capable manpower, by introducing dual citizenships and removed barriers to naturalization. Today, Kenyans, Ghanaians, Zambians, Botswana , Namibians etc. are all competing with America and Europe, because dual citizenships and removal of barriers to citizenships have encouraged their natural born to return home and contribute positively to the growth and development of their countries.

Sadly, a post war nation like Liberia that cries for “lack of capacity” should have been ahead of Ghana in the dual citizenship game but it is lagging behind, because of backward thinking. Thousands of capable and competent Liberians are in the USA, Europe, Asia and other parts of Africa. They are not going to give up their citizenship just to come and work in Liberia. It is the Government of Liberia that should be begging them to come home and assumed some risks, but that can only be done with a sweetener such as allowing dual citizenship.

 Natural born Liberians who hold foreign citizenships and persons of non-negro descent will continue to build mansions in America, Europe and other countries because they have no reason to keep incomes earned in Liberia, after all they are not citizens. Lebanese, Malaysians, Indians, Americans and Europeans will also continue to repatriate all their incomes back to their countries of citizenship, because they have nothing that holds them to Liberia. Citizenship could make them to have some lasting connections to Liberia.

The Liberian law implicitly agrees that Liberians in the Diaspora, whether they are citizens or not for any country, whether they  married white or black persons ,they can stay remit money to Liberia to build beautiful homes that bury defaced homes, establish businesses that help to provide some  employment for a huge unemployed  Liberian population, feed family members and friends, provide professional and educational  support to under-staffed teaching staff at universities, colleges,  vocational schools, etc. But those are sheer tips of the icebergs of goodies from a single citizenship. More is better with double citizenship. The more Liberia gives, the more Liberia will be opened and exposed to lot of opportunities in the fast changing global world. The thriftily Liberia gives, the very less at the bottom it will continue to get.

According to World Bank Report, remittances to Liberia in 2011 were estimated at $360m, the equivalent of 31% of Liberia’s GDP and more than half the amount Liberia received in aid that year. Taken as a share of GDP, Liberia is the world's second-highest remittance recipient, behind Tajikstan, and the figure is predicted to have increased to $378m in 2012. If Liberians with single-citizenship remitting such amount, more will be done when dual citizenship is consummate into law.

In 2015, the Tanzania Foreign Affairs Minister, Benard Membe, stated that Ghanaians in the Diaspora annually contribute $2.1 billion, while Nigerians and Kenyans in the Diaspora annually contribute $3.1 billion and $1.6 billion respectively. All these countries have one thing in common, dual citizenship.

Different Time, Different Circumstance
It was President William R. Tolbert that drafted and passed the Alien and Naturalization Law that is today denying Liberian citizenship to those Liberians who have acquired another citizenship.  See, Chapter 22. LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP, Alien and Nationality Law - Title 4 - Liberian Code of Laws Revised. Approved: May 15, 1973, Amendments. Approved: May 9, 1974.  This was 1973 and 1974. That was the 20th Century and that was at the height of the Cold War. We are now in the 21st Century and we still believe that the conditions that existed during the Tolbert’s administration are still relevant. Times have change and so has the global competitive environment, where nations are competing capital investment and qualified manpower.

Hope Liberia learn from its long-established soul mate, the United States of America. Even closer countries, including Nigeria, Togo, Tunisia, Morocco, Lesotho, Ghana, Cote d, voire, Benin, Burkina Faso   and Namibia being on the go for dual citizenship while some sanctioned white citizenship.

It is about time Liberia rises above this speculative and obsolete fear of white people taking land and property or owning more land and properties. Liberians have own more undeveloped lands some of which, converted to huge bushes, garbage field, domicile of termite, rats, mosquitoes, etc. for decades. In fact, if the fear is actually to lose land and economy positions, Liberians have lost that long time ago. “Non-negro descendants” (such as Lebanese, Malaysians, Chinese, and Lebanese) collectively control more than 95 percent of the Liberian economy and Liberians have leased land to them at times for 100 years.

 The President of Liberia, Madam Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, admitted appointing many Liberians with American and European citizenships. Even the President stand accused over and over again of being a US citizen, but this has not been proven. Basically, the political leadership and economic elites in Liberia hold another citizenship elsewhere in the world. Nothing is going to change that basic fact, unless the Liberian government is prepared to spend millions of dollars to investigate, prosecute and jailed all of its officials who all citizens of another country. So why have a law that is by its nature unenforceable because of prevailing realities.

Instead of a long drawn out constitutional process to amend the Constitution to allow for dual citizenship, the Legislature can simply and quickly amend Chapter 22. LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP of the Alien and Nationality Law - Title 4 - Liberian Code of Laws Revised. This is how simple as it gets. Sadly for 10 years the President and the Legislature have talked about amending this section of the law but it has not been done, while confirmation of presidential appointees with foreign citizenships and passage of  concessions and contracts have been done speedily without much deliberations and vetting of credentials.


About the Author: Ernest S. Maximore is a Liberian journalist, a poet, and a lawyer. He earned B.A Mass Communications and Bachelor of Law (L.L.B.) from the University of Liberia and MBA (concentration in Public Administration) from   Strayer University, Virgina, USA. He can be reached at esmaxus@yahoo.com/esmaxus@gmail.com


DORTU-SIBOE DOE
What msy be applicable in the PHYSICAL SCIENCES OR NATURAL SCIENCES may not be applicable in the SOCIAL SCIENCES! Meaning, the fact that an asprin tablet may cure any human being does not mean a social or political system good for a given nation!

And this is why RESTRICTIVE CITIZENSHIP is an acceptably legitimate and legal principle in both domestic and international law! Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh,etc. Visit the ICRD - The International Covenant on Racial Discrimination!

Experience, it is Said, is the best teacher! Liberia's bitter past experiences with SEMI-APARTHEID and the current attempted IMPOSITION OF SODOMY OR HOMOSEXUALUSM BY BRITAIN AND AMERICA sends s very CLEAR WARNING that both dual citizenship and non-restrictive citizenship are very dangerious for Liberia!PERIOD!
DORTU-SIBOE DOE at 03:29AM, 2016/01/11.
Dortu-Siboe Doe
What may be applicable in the PHYSICAL SCIENCES OR NATURAL SCIENCES may not be applicable in the SOCIAL SCIENCES! Meaning, the fact that an asprin tablet may cure any human being does not mean a social or political system good for a given nation IS AUTOMATICALLY GOOD FOR ANOTHER NATION NOR IS SUCH A GUARANTEE!

And this is why RESTRICTIVE CITIZENSHIP is an acceptably legitimate and legal principle in both domestic and international law! Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Australia, etc.etc.etc. Visit the ICRD - The International Covention Against Racial Discrimination. particulary Article 3!!!!

PART I

Article 1

1. In this Convention, the term "racial discrimination" shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.

2. This Convention shall not apply to distinctions, exclusions, restrictions or preferences made by a State Party to this Convention between citizens and non-citizens.

3. Nothing in this Convention may be interpreted as affecting in any way the legal provisions of States Parties concerning nationality, citizenship or naturalization, provided that such provisions do not discriminate against any particular nationality.


Experience, it is Said, is the best teacher! Liberia's bitter past experiences with SEMI-APARTHEID and the current attempted IMPOSITION OF SODOMY OR HOMOSEXUALUSM BY BRITAIN AND AMERICA sends s very CLEAR WARNING that both dual citizenship and non-restrictive citizenship are very dangerious for Liberia!PERIOD


Dortu-Siboe Doe at 04:31AM, 2016/01/11.
Dortu-Siboe Doe
What may be applicable in the PHYSICAL SCIENCES OR NATURAL SCIENCES may not be applicable in the SOCIAL SCIENCES! Meaning, the fact that an asprin tablet may cure any human being does not mean a social or political system good for a given nation IS AUTOMATICALLY GOOD FOR ANOTHER NATION NOR IS SUCH A GUARANTEE!

And this is why RESTRICTIVE CITIZENSHIP is an acceptably legitimate and legal principle in both domestic and international law! Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Australia, etc.etc.etc. Visit the ICRD - The International Covention Against Racial Discrimination. particulary PARAGRAPH 3 ARTICLE 1!!!!

PART I

Article 1

1. In this Convention, the term "racial discrimination" shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.

2. This Convention shall not apply to distinctions, exclusions, restrictions or preferences made by a State Party to this Convention between citizens and non-citizens.

3. Nothing in this Convention may be interpreted as affecting in any way the legal provisions of States Parties concerning nationality, citizenship or naturalization, provided that such provisions do not discriminate against any particular nationality.


Experience, it is Said, is the best teacher! Liberia's bitter past experiences with SEMI-APARTHEID and the current attempted IMPOSITION OF SODOMY OR HOMOSEXUALUSM BY BRITAIN AND AMERICA sends s very CLEAR WARNING that both dual citizenship and non-restrictive citizenship are very dangerious for Liberia!PERIOD

Dortu-Siboe Doe at 04:33AM, 2016/01/11.
martin scott
I agree with Mr. Maximore one hundred percent! It's time to abolish our archaic policy of legalized racism! Are we still living in the dark ages?? Come on now.

We should urge our lawmakers to remove such racist language from our Constitution which denies citizenship to people of non-Negro descent.

It's morally offensive to judge anyone by his the color of his skin.

Just imagine if the United States of America had such racist clause in its Constitution, someone like Barack Obama, the son of Black African (Kenyan) father, would never dreamed of being President of the United States!

Or General Colin Powell, a another black man, who was born in the New York City, raised by his Jamaican parents, could have never dream of becoming Secretary of State of the U.S.

Besides him, another smart and talented black woman, Condolesssa Rice became the U.S Secretary of State too. She was instrumental in removing a criminal thug (Taylor) from Liberia. (Every day, I thank God for Condi Rice!)

So why can't Liberia join other civilized nations in removing that racist clause from its Constitution? The sad and tragic fact is that, Liberia was very vocal in its opposition to apartheid in South Africa, but today, Liberia gets little or no attention from the local and international media for having such racist language in its own Constitution.

Maybe, it's because when Africans are the perpetrators of racism, the rest of the world looks the other way. But when the Europeans are the perpetrators, all hell breaks loose! Where the hell is U N when you need it?? Oh, I forgot. UN means Useless Nations!!
martin scott at 07:26PM, 2016/01/11.
Josephine Higgins
So true Martin.Liberia is impervious to change. Liberian government continue to live in stone age with obsolete thinking of reform when sadly the world has advanced far beyond that. So true with those examples you listed.

Mr.Maximore thanks also for your brilliant piece into the subject matter.

Josephine Higgins at 08:57PM, 2016/01/11.
wonderr k freeman
Very insightful and well written. Liberia has nothing to fear. This is the 21st century. One can probably understand the sentiments in the 1800s Or even the 1900s. But in this century (2000s) this law utterly useless and much disadvantageous for Liberia or any country for that matter. Thank you maximore highlighting this fact.
wonderr k freeman at 03:48AM, 2016/01/16.
Ronauld Weeks
When the US is a pluralist society, and other nations the same not only from a racial perspective but also a religious then we can think about changing our laws. There are good reasons for this law.

This is not a racist thing, but a conscientious acknowledgement of who has gained on average predominant economic power then/now (by generally ill means over time) and can use such over us ( buy our land, resources etc) if we are not vigilant and have fail safe laws.

One day the law should be assessed but no time soon, we need to gain a certain national literacy level so Liberians as a whole can democratically debate and vote this away as history to be remembered and not forgotten.

Even with apartheid gone do we see the state of South Africa and who has the true economic power?

Liberia and Ethiopia were the only countries in Africa not to be colonialised by the white man and ones with massive natural resources wealth; Which will be snapped up at the drop of the hat and there are a lot of people just waiting for that ( White, Lebanese, Indian you name it).

This law does not restrict a white man or woman marrying a Liberian and having their protege, and those children becoming citizens and owning something in Liberia, that is the price.

If we think our civil wars and blood diamonds wars were funded by mostly Liberians think twice.

When the time is right it will happen and i hope for the children of Liberia it is soon ( in the next 50 years or so), but first educate our masses and give them jobs and future, then we can worry about other things.

And i mention land and resources specifically...

We cannot compare the issues which the rest of the world face on an equal par with the issues Liberia and many African countries face due to their blessings (resources) and massive hinterland and infrastructure challenges, position we found ourselves in as sovereign and coloniailized states; a world where almost every other group looks down on Africans/Negros, a world where most of the wealth is concentrated in White or more specifically non-black hands.

I say and conclude with the same....When the time is right, it will happen (This is not the Time) and i hope for the children of Liberia it is soon ( in the next +50 years or so), but first educate our masses and give them jobs and future, then we can worry about other things. We have better fish to fry.

"I believe that in a developing country, where the
circumstances dictate, the construction of buildings may be suspended; the erection of monuments may be postponed, or the procurement of certain equipment may be curtailed. But I nevertheless believe that we must never suspend or postpone,
or curtail, or abandon, even for a moment, the provision of sound and relevant education of our youth of today, — our leaders of tomorrow, — without disastrous consequences to national stability, economic development and our all-consuming struggle against ignorance, poverty and disease!"

'-Extracted from his 1982 Commencement Address to University of Liberia on February 16th 1983 by Dr. Rocheforte L. Weeks'
Ronauld Weeks at 10:43PM, 2016/04/03.
showbox
You will find it pretty easy to search and view your favourite movie/TV show on the basis of the categories and genre.
showbox at 11:51AM, 2016/10/14.
showbox app
I really like your blog articles. Thanks for the insight you provide the readers!
showbox app at 08:25AM, 2016/11/24.
Showbox movies online
Please do share this article on social networking sites to spread the useful information on program with other movie lovers. I hope this Showbox site is helpful to fulfill your needs regarding movies and TV shows.
Showbox movies online at 02:22AM, 2016/12/05.
Showbox
Hello! Excellent and decent post. I found this much informative, as to what I was exactly searching for. Thanks for such post and please keep on sharing with us.... Showbox apk . The website looks great. The article is written so professionally that no even words.
Download ShowBox — movies and TV shows for the whole family you can watch on your Android smartphone, and even better on tablets! Showbox Here is the direct download link to get latest movies on Android smartphones
Showbox at 11:52PM, 2017/01/14.
Alexandr Lukin
PokeMesh in almost no time has grabbed a large amount of population across the globe. The more you use it the more you get addicted to its features, especially if you are a Pokemon fan
Alexandr Lukin at 06:10AM, 2017/01/18.
terrarium tv used on pc
thanks for giving such a useful information basically I watched this info on terrarium tv app
terrarium tv used on pc at 07:09AM, 2017/02/26.
Jasonket
agree out this online casino where you can win genuine notes with the usurp of this enchiridionPlaying online baccarat , buy sex toys
Jasonket at 08:54AM, 2017/03/12.
Alexandr Lukin
There are quite a few Android emulators available on the market that work on iOS devices like iPhone or iPad. Terrarium
Alexandr Lukin at 09:56AM, 2017/04/01.
WinstonJarie
thanks due to the fact that this countless illuminating website, keep up the great position check out this online casinos offers , buy sex toys
WinstonJarie at 12:20PM, 2017/04/05.
Monika
I truly appreciate this post.
Monika at 06:56AM, 2017/04/06.
Monika
I truly appreciate this post
Monika at 06:57AM, 2017/04/06.
Thomasber
fantabulous website! eat up the dignitary work. visit my website only if you are overwhelming 21 check this adult toys portal, email server , buy Buy Dildo
Thomasber at 04:18PM, 2017/04/19.
Jasonket
agree doused this casino where you can conquer real notes with the serve of this lightPlaying blackjack , check this casino
Jasonket at 07:54AM, 2017/04/24.
Lukin Alexander Vasilievich
The app has a clear-cut graphical user interface to make sure this app could be quite fast used by anyone away at house. showbox app download for tablet
Lukin Alexander Vasilievich at 12:33PM, 2017/05/07.
Lukin Alexander Vasilievich
Update: Android 6.0 Marshmallow users are facing some issues to download movies from megabox hd APP to on their mobiles. Those users follow the below step to download movies.
Lukin Alexander Vasilievich at 10:30AM, 2017/05/23.

Post your comment

You can use following HTML tags: <a><br><strong><b><em><i><blockquote><pre><code><img><ul><ol><li><del>

Confirmation code:

Comments script


© 2016 by The Perspective
E-mail: editor@theperspective.org
To Submit article for publication, go to the following URL: http://www.theperspective.org/submittingarticles.html