Revelations And Discoveries: New Perpetrators Listings For Potential War And Economic Crimes Prosecutions In Liberia


By Jerome J. Verdier, Sr.
Contributing Writer

The Perspective
Atlanta, Georgia
July 14, 2017

                  

 

Washington D.C
United States of America
July 1, 2017

“As a nation and people, we must confront deeply-rooted evil in our society. Otherwise, evil men and women will feel comfortable and victorious; impunity will take roots and becomes entrenched in the moral fabric of our perverse society which will lose its godly nature and blinded to the truth, evil will become indistinguishable from good.”

                                                Cllr Jerome J. Verdier, Sr
Chairman, the erstwhile Truth & Reconciliation Commission of Liberia (TRC)

 

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BACKGROUND

The work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Liberia (TRC), ended in 2009 with the Commission making recommendations to the Government of the Republic of Liberia contained in a comprehensive report in compliance with relevant provisions of the TRC Act.

The Report, among other things recommended several measures to redress the dysfunctions of the war, its root causes and justice and other mechanisms to address the issues of accountability and impunity and victim’s vulnerability and the deep rooted divide in the Liberian society, socio- economic and political inequalities and the issues of equal participation, democracy, corruption and nepotism, which historically has been a conflict flash point constituting the bedrock of the root cause of violent conflicts and war in Liberia.

Also, in compliance with the TRC Act, the TRC went further to recommend continuing investigations into economic and war crimes that the Commission could not complete owing to limited resources and time. And because the Government of Liberia was unwilling to extend the tenure of the Commission and finance its work beyond the initial six-months extension granted the commission to write and complete its reporting process.

Regrettable, also is the lack of progress on implementation of any of the recommendations of the Commission nearly ten years after its work was completed and Report submitted.
Under the TRC Act, the Independent Human rights Commission (IHRCL) was to inherit the work of the TRC and the civil society in Liberia, ECOWAS, and the international community were deemed moral guarantors of the TRC Process, including implementation of the recommendations of the Commission.

The IHRCL became dysfunctional and the Government of Liberia has failed to take measures to implement the TRC Recommendations and fulfil its obligations under international law to prosecute for war crimes committed in the territories of Liberia.

The failure of the Liberian Government to take actions to administer justice in Liberia leaves the international community with the purview to fill in the gap and administer justice to the people of Liberia in keeping with international law. In this view, the international community remains seized of the TRC Process and its Chairman, Cllr Jerome J. Verdier, Sr has also remain seized of the process, collaborating with international justice and human rights actors to ensure the full implementation of all the Recommendations of the TRC.

The Role of Civil Society

The civil society in Liberia as moral guarantors of the TRC Process also remain seized of the process and have a duty to advocate for justice and the full implementation of the TRC Recommendations and to ensure that the human rights of the Liberian people are protected and that justice and accountability are upheld in Liberia.

The media has an obligation to propagate the truth of what is obtaining in Liberia and to educate the reading public in Liberia on the need for justice and accountability to deal a blow to impunity which is becoming a cultural phenomenon in Liberia. An informed society is apt to protect its own interest and preserve the integrity of the nation as a law-abiding nation of laws and order.

TRC Recommendations and Limitations
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) process and its recommendations did not identify these perpetrators at the time because of limited time and resources.
Notwithstanding, the TRC Report recommended further investigations, which are now currently ongoing, into the activities of perpetrators who lied to the TRC, avoided the TRC or were completely unidentified by the TRC. And under these recommendations, any persons, perpetrators, groups or individuals found to be in the same position or standing before the TRC process as those already named or identified by the TRC, are subject to the same findings, determinations and recommendations of the TRC:

  1.  whether they were identified by the TRC or not
  2.  Whether they were named in The TRC Report or not OR
  3.   Whether they appeared before that august body or not.

This goes to say that all perpetrators, whether named in the TRC Report or not, are subject to the Recommendations of the TRC for public and criminal sanctions, and/or prosecutions before an Extraordinary War Crimes Tribunal as the recommendations may apply based upon ongoing investigations when they shall have been concluded. 

I: New Perpetrators Uncovered

NEW WAR CRIMES AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED WAR CRIMES PERPETRATORS CURRENTLY SUBJECTS OF WAR CRIMES AND INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INVESTIGATIONS INCLUDE:

1. The Association for Constitutional Democracy In Liberia (ACDL), who, current investigations have revealed were active war actors and perpetrators in the theater of war. Following the training of the NPFL in Libya, the NPFL, through the ACDL, were armed by Ghadaffi, to come to Liberia with additional organization and financial assistance from the ACDL of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Dr. Amos Sawyer, Ezekiel Pajibo, Clarence Simpson, Joseph Mamade Woartee (late), Harry Yuan, Dr. Clinton, one Cllr Gbadea, Archie Richelieu Williams, Toga Mcintosh Gaywei, Dr Byron Tarr, Thomas Woeweiyu, who, among others is already listed for prosecution in the TRC Report and otherwise.

 2. Hon Brownie J. Samukai, Jr current Minister of Defense, was chief organizer of the militia unit, Black Beret. Most of the crimes committed by this unit are currently under serious investigations. Hon Samukai was at the time Head of Black Beret and Deputy Minister of Defense for Operations, Ministry of National Defense, IGNU (Amos Sawyer’s Interim Government of National Unity) and later    Military Advisor of Lofa Defense Force which rewarded him the Deputy Minister of State for Administration of the Ministry of State for Presidential Affairs, representing the LDF/NPFL-CRC/ULIMO J/LPC Coalition ticket during the Chairmanship of Hon Wilton Sankawolo & Madam Ruth Perry. Alleged War Crimes committed by both the LDF, Black Beret and the LDF/NPFL-CRC/ULIMO J/LPC Coalition are now the subject of ongoing war crimes investigations.

3. Mr. Fumba Sirleaf, current head of the National Security Agency (NSA) and also son of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, a member also of the ACDL not named in the TRC Report. Mr. Sirleaf was planning and Training Officer for the Militia group, Black Beret which recorded some violations under his watch and is currently, made subject of ongoing investigations. He later joined ULIMO K and became Military Advisor to the warring faction and Aide-de-Camp to Dr. El Mohammed Sheriff, Vice Head of State representing Alhaji Kromah’s  ULIMO K, in the interim Government of the Council of State. He was visible in the motorcade of Dr. Sheriff, armed to the teeth with full military uniform in the LNTG 1 Transitional Government. He is a subject of continuing investigations into alleged war crimes and egregious human rights violations allegedly committed by his group.

 4. Hon Company Wisseh admitted during the celebration of ten years of peace in Liberia under the Comprehensive Accra Peace Agreement (CPA) in the audience of the Diplomatic Corps and foreign dignitaries and guests gathered for the occasion in Monrovia, openly admitted in a self-confession (not admitted at the TRC) that he was the representative of the late President Moammar Ghadaffi in the 80s in Ghana and that he introduced former President Charles Taylor to Ghadaffi for military training of Liberia rebels who were subsequently armed by Ghadaffi for war in Liberia which killed over 250,000 innocent people.

 5. Major Henry K. Johnson, A fugitive from justice, who is not part of the ongoing electoral conspiracy and formerly of the AFL boasted in the LEC Bushrod Compound in 1990 of killing three (3) prominent Liberians:  R. Vanjah Richards, James Coleman, and Butler Freeman. He is now on the run and hiding in private basements from place to place in Pennsylvania, United States. He will soon be apprehended and brought to justice.

6. Two prominent members of the Liberian National Legislature  are currently under international criminal investigations for their roles in the murders of foreign nationals and Liberians more specifically, in the killing of a United States citizen and five (5) Catholic Nuns also citizens of the United States of America. These investigations are rapidly nearing conclusions.

 7. International human rights investigations have also commenced  into several deaths in police custody as a matter of human rights concern and protection of persons deprived of their liberty including the legal duty of the state to prevent, remedy, and punish violations of these rights and standards of universal human rights instruments guaranteeing these fundamental human rights. These events are alleged to have occurred during the Directorship of Former Police Inspector General, Col Chris Massaquoi.

8. Tarplah A. B. Doe and Richard Devine, founding executives of MODELL, currently under investigations for both war crimes and economic crimes violations.

 9. Tugbeh Doe, Deputy Minister of Finance, LNTG, under investigation for alleged economic crimes violations.

10. Jonathan Mayson, Minister of Lands and mines, Pyne Wolo, Deputy Minister for Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, Lusine F. Kamara, former minister of finance, are all under investigation  for alleged economic crimes violations.

II: CONTINUING INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATORS AND WAR CRIMES SUSPECTS CURRENTLY UNDER INVESTIGATIONS. MORE NAMES WILL BE REVEALED AS INVESTIGATION PROGRESSES.

  1. Daniel Chea
  2. Sampson Niegai (Lion Father)
  3. Nezee Barway
  4. Henry Kardia
  5. Morris Menyon
  6. James Willie Coocoo Dennis
  7. Austin Clarke
  8. George Mazuo
  9. Olu Briggs
  10.  George Kamara

 

III:  MURDERS AND WAR CRIMES INVESTIGATIONS THAT HAVE BEEN COMPLETED FOR WHICH PERPETRATORS ARE SUBJECT TO PROSECUTIONS

  1. The killing of Director and Mrs. James F. Forkpa
  2. The death of Deputy Director Peter Thomas, Phillip Bowen, & Samuel B. Tody
  3. The murder of Michael Doe
  4. The murder of Madam Naomi Gooding
  5. The murder of Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Greene, & Achie Greene
  6. The murder of the entire Cassell family in Sinkor, Fiamah
  7. The murder of Mr. & Mrs. Johnnny Nah
  8. The murder of Mrs. Martha Bernard and her sister
  9. The murder of Esther Parker
  10.  The murder of Dorris Toweh Gballah
  11.  The murder of R. Vanjah Richards, James Coleman and Butler Freeman
  12. The murder of Keith Jubah
  13. The murder of Gayah J Saah Gbollie
  14. The murder of Michael Allison
  15.  The murder of Stephen Daniels and David Toweh
  16.  The murder of Jackson F. Doe, Stephen Yekeson & Gabriel Kpolleh
  17.  The murder of Brodeh Jackson, former Supt of Bomi County
  18.  The murder Elbert Dunn
  19.  The murder of Moses Washington
  20.   The murder of Student Leaders D. Momolu Lablah, Woe- Garbie Tarpia, Weewee Debbah, & Benedict Garlarwolo
  21.  The murder of Moses Washington and Tommy Raynes
  22.  The murder of Samuel Williams (Head of Freezone Security, adopted from his home and beheaded at the Executive Mansion, Nov 12, 1985)
  23.  The murder of Journalist Charles Gbeyon
  24.  The murder of William Amadu Sirleaf (LPRC Chief Security taken to the Executive Mansion and beheaded because his last name was Sirleaf, Nov 1985)
  25.  The murder of Budu Hodge
  26.  The murder of J. Exodus Kedoe
  27.  The murder of Melvin Kaykar
  28.  The murder of Robert Quiah
  29.  The murder of Christie Doe
  30.  The murder of Thomas Doeway
  31.  The murder of James Borlue

 

IV:    ALLEGED ECONOMIC CRIMES SUSPECTS, SUBJECTS OF           INVESTIGATIONS

  1. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf - President of Liberia (2006 – 2018)
  2. Jennie Johnson Bernard – Sister of President John Sirleaf and Chairman of the Board, JFK Hospital and Head of Liberia Health Fund
  3. Robert Sirleaf – Son of President Sirleaf, Head of the Bankrupt NOCAL (National Oil company of Liberia)
  4. Dr. Walter Gwenegale  - Former minister of Health under President Sirleaf, Presided over the EU 13m Euro Child Mortality fund
  5. Amara Konneh – Former Minister of Finance, President Sirleaf, co-presided over the Child Mortality fund of the EU to Liberia
  6. Mills Jones – Head of the Central Bank (2006 – 2016), President Sirleaf
  7. Musa Bility – Private, businessman, Chairman of the Board of Directors, Liberia Airports Authority
  8. Archie Richlieu Willliams – Confidante of President Sirleaf, Managing Director of Civil Aviation in Liberia (2006 to present)
  9. Medina Wisseh (PUP) – Confidante, Special Assistant to President Sirleaf, Director of Cabinet, Liaison of the Office of President Sirleaf, Liberia representative to Mano river Union, currently.   
  10. Patrick Sandolo – President Sirleaf’s Minister of Lands, Mines & Energy, present
  11.  Alex Tyler and others Global Witness
  12.  Richard Divine – MODEL executive, Law Maker, Deputy, Managing Director for Operations, LPRC, LNTG of the late Chairman Gyude Bryant – IRON ORE ILLEGAL SALE DEAL
  13.  Tarplah Doe – Chairman, Ways and Means, LNTG Legislature (Assembly), Chairman Gyude Bryant, ILLEGAL SALE OF IRON ORE DEAL
  14.  Lusine Kamara – Minister of Finance, LNTG, Chairman Gyude Bryant, Head of State; IRON ORE ILLEGAL SALE DEAL
  15. Thomas Yaya Nimely – Foreign Minister, LNTG, Gyude IRON ORE ILLEGAL SALE DEAL Bryant,
  16.  Kabineh’ Janeh – Former justice Minister, Attorney General, LNTG Government of The Late Chairman Gyude Bryant, Head of State, IRON ORE ILLEGAL SALE DEAL
  17.  Jonathan Mayson – Minister of Lands, Mines & Energy, LNTG Government of Chairman Bryant; IRON ORE ILLEGAL SALE DEAL
  18.  Tugbeh Doe – Deputy Minister for Administration, Ministry of Finance, LNTG Government of Chairman Gyude Brayant; IRON ORE ILLEGAL SALE DEAL
  19.  J.D. Slangar and Mohammed Dukuly – Mr. Slangar, a founding executive of MODEL warring faction who replaced Mr. Urey at the Bureau of Maritime Affairs; Mr. Mohammed Dukuly a representative of the former NPFL warring faction in the transitional Legislative Assembly. Illegal handling of maritime funding.
  20.  Pyne Wolo – Deputy Minister for Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, under Chairman Gyude Bryant, LNTG. IRON ORE ILLEGAL SALE DEAL
  21.  Emmanuel Shaw – Minister of Finance, under President Doe, subject of multiple investigations including alleged illegal sale of government properties and the Lone Star Cell dealings;
  22. Benoni Urey – Commissioner of Careysburg, under President Sirleaf, Commissioner of Maritime, under LNTG II, Chairman Wilton Sangawolu, LNTG III, Chairman Ruth Sando Perry and Under President Charles Taylor; dealings and operations of Lone Star Cell in Liberia;
  23.  Eisenhower York – Deputy Governor, National Bank of Liberia, under LNTG II & III of Chairmen Sangawolu and Ruth Perry and Agriculture Bank, under Chairman Ruth Perry and President Charles Taylor;
  24. Hon Sumo Kupee, current Managing Director of LPRC, Commissioner of Customs, Senator, Lofa County, under Chairman Gyude Brayant, Deputy Governor II, National Bank of Liberia, ULIMO – K;
  25.  The Liberia Bank for Development & Investment (LBDI) and the Central Bank of Liberia – a development bank of the Liberian people, and the governing monetary authority of the Government of Liberia to regulate the monetary, banking and financial sector of Liberia, have become syndicated institutions catering to special interest, and are now subjects of multi-year audit and economic crimes investigations;
  26.  Laurine Shannon – Executive Mansion renovation fund

MORE NAMES OF ALLEGED CULPRITS WILL BE REVEALED IN FORTHCOMING UPDATES IN THE NEXT THREE (3) MONTHS, OCTOBER 2017, AND SUBSEQUENTLY, AS INVESTICATION PROGRESSES INTO ALL CATEGORIES OF ALLEGE HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, WAR CRIMES AND ECONOMIC CRIMES MENTIONED IN THIS REPORT OF CRIMES ALLEGEDLY COMMITTED IN LIBERIA UNDER DIFFERENT EPISODES OF THE LIBERIAN CIVIL WAR AND GOVERNMENTS BY ACCCUSED PERSONS AND PERSONS OF INTERESTS NAMED HEREIN.

  V: RECOMMENDATIONS

1. Recommendations to the future Government of Liberia
(i)
That the future government of Liberia considers domestic prosecutions of domestic crimes including murders, and diverse theft cases and graft;
(ii) That the future government of Liberia establishes a committee that will review the Recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) with the mandate to prepare a timeline, modalities, strategies and how the full implementation of all the recommendations of the TRC can be accomplished in keeping with law as an advisory tool for government actions; (iii)That the future Government of Liberia considers the establishment of a robust economic and financial crimes commission to pursue the long list of cases of economic crimes in Liberia and commence redress mechanisms ahead of the establishment of The War Crimes Court for Liberia;
(iv) That the future government of Liberia considers inculcating the values and culture of the rule of law into the socio-cultural and economic and commercial fabric of the Liberian society as a matter of high priority;
(v)
That the future Government of Liberia also prioritizes national reconciliation efforts and initiatives to advance national healing and the transition agenda of restoring comprehensive peace, national unity and security to Liberia as a sine qua non for lasting peace, growth and development in Liberia;

2. Recommendations to the International Community
(i)
That the international community considers continuing or expanding the sanctions regime on Liberian to include travel ban and financial sanctions on specific persons of interest and international arrests and deportations to ensure that there is no haven anywhere in the world for fugitives and alleged perpetrators of economic and war crimes in Liberia;
(ii)
That the international community considers assisting Liberia with financial, technical and other forensic assistances in the recovery and repatriation of stolen wealth from Liberia;
(iii)
That the international community considers reviving and supporting efforts towards establishing a special ordinary war crimes tribunal for Liberia to deal with war time atrocities and crimes committed in Liberia, that closure to that chapter of Liberia’s history can be done with dignity and respect for international norms and standards of justice;
(iv)
That the international community facilitate the accentuating of greater accountability in Liberia by commissioning an audit of all donors and development partners grants, aid and loans to Liberia during the period January 16, 2006 to January 16, 2018;

HUMAN RIGHTS AND JUSTICE ADVOCATES                July 2, 2017

JEROME J VERDIER, SR (CLLR)
JEROME J VERDIER, SR (CLLR)

 

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